Pickets led by the Spanish Anti-Fascist committee occured in front of Casa Moneo because the Moneos sold goods imported from a part of Spain held by the Nationalists. It was assumed that they supported Franco. The family argued that they sold more products from Loyalist parts of Spain and Latin America combined than from parts of Spain controlled by Franco. Jesus Moneo, one of Carmen’s sons, estimated that the protests decreased business by 50%.
Everyday since November 19, 1938, different pickets groups took turns protesting every 10 minutes. They held signs that said “Don’t Buy Fascist Merchandise.” At least one person was beaten during one of the protests. Also, a window was broken prior to a police officer controlling the picket. One day, the communist symbol was painted at the front of the store and on the door of Our Lady of Guadalupe church.
The Moneo family decided to put signs at the front of the store and take legal action. Supreme Court Justice Philip J. McCook ruled that since the protests were political and not industrial that they had to stop. Despite this ruling, people continued to protest at Casa Moneo.